Year: 2020 | Month: June | Volume 9 | Issue 2

Revisiting Human Rights in Contemporary India: Status of Institutions and Trends in Cases

Ashish Jha


Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination[2]. The concept of human rights is not a very new thing for Indian civilization. At the same time, Indian society would had been probably one of the worst societies in the world practicing number of social evils degrading the life and value of human beings – like caste discrimination, sati prathta etc. Human rights in India underwent lot of ups and downs. Post-independence, most of the human rights as declared by UDHCR were reflected as Fundamental Rights in Indian Constitution, which was adopted on 26 January 1950. Since then we have been seeing number of cases of human rights violations by the authorities. We also witnessed a number of historical judgements which further strengthened Human Rights in India. The last four years remained in news for various new trends in both – violations as well as strengthening of Human Rights in India. The paper attempts to outline such recent trends in last four years under the governance of right wing political party – Bhartiya Janta Party[3] in India.

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