Year: 2022 | Month: March | Volume 11 | Issue 1

Factors that impacted the degree of corruption and its variation: An empirical analysis based on international panel data

Zhao Longlong


Investigating factors that impacted the degree of corruption and its variation are essential prerequisites for decreasing the degree of corruption and improving the ability to curb corruption. Based on the international panel data published by the World Bank, a new database that links closely to the topic is coded. Subsequently, with the assistance of the ordinary least squares method, this paper builds up a multiple regression model and a lagged variable model to test the contribution of government effectiveness, “institutional inertia of corrupt governance”, political stability, and citizens’ political right to the degree of corruption and its variation. Finally, it provides specific suggestions and references on how to decrease corruption and strengthen the capacity of corruption prevention.


  • As the effectiveness of government continues to rise, the level of corruption will continue to decrease.
  • Under the influence of the “institutional inertia of corrupt governance”, governments with a low degree of corruption are more likely to promote the construction of a clean government
  • The more stable the political situation, the less corrupt the government.
  • Corruption governance is a kind of after-the-fact reflection and summary of lessons, and it is also a prescient move to prevent problems before they occur.

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