Year: 2021 | Month: June | Volume 10 | Issue 2

Perceived Constraints Affecting the Desired Performance of MGNREGA and Strategies for Improvement

Khumukcham Stina L. Devarani A. Sarkar Ram Singh R.J. Singh


Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) was implemented by Government of India (GOI) with the objective of enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment resulting in the creation of durable assets. Despite of the fact that huge allocations have been made by the central government for alleviation of poverty through MGNREGA, the standard of living of the people has not improved to the desired extent, and the employment opportunities for the youths are few and far between. Hence, it becomes imperative to identify the antecedent factors which unable to comply with the promises made during their introduction. The present study was conducted in the Imphal East and Churachandpur districts of Manipur. The data were collected from 108 respondents (100 were beneficiaries & 8 were functionaries of MGNREGA). The findings revealed that non-availability of 100 days of work, late payment of wages, underpayment of wages, non-availability of tools & worksite facilities etc. were the constraints perceived by the beneficiaries. While, constraints perceived by the functionaries of MGNREGA were scarcity of funds and non-acceptance of labor budget, failing to upload Management Information System (MIS) report timely and low Information Education Communication (IEC) campaign.


  • Despite the fact MGNREGA was primarily implemented for enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing 100 days wage employment.
  • Various constraints were perceived by the beneficiaries as well as functionaries of MGNREGA, which hamper the performance. To counteract the constraints, various suggestions were also provided by the respondents.

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